Who or Whom?

Johnny Carson’s earliest fame came from the 1950s and 1960s game show “Who do you trust?” I remember that the title itself was, by some, considered grammatically incorrect; the critics preferred “whom.” Language changes over time. New words are added, words become less used, some words are just dropped altogether. And no, don’t get me started on political correctness restricting our usage of choice words. This post isn’t about PeeCee.

The conversation about which word,  who or whom, is discussed in an article by R.L.G. [I haven’t a clue why the author doesn’t use a name, but uses only initials. I’ve never seen that in journalism before.] in the Economist. The following  paragraph illustrates the changes in language and usage:

It’s hard to say anything new about “whom”, but it does raise a broader question: how to think about these questions. The facts are pretty plain: in formal, edited writing, whom is holding its ground. For those lawyers and professors who can’t use it correctly, there is usually a copy editor who will make the change for them.  At the other end of the spectrum is everyday speech, where “whom” has all but drawn down the curtain and joined the choir invisible. Mark Liberman has found that “who” is 218 times more common in “whom” in one corpus of recorded, spontaneous speech.  In books, the ratio is something more like 10 (“who”) to 1 (“whom”).  The graph above exaggerates the decline of “whom”, since “who” has also declined.  (People today may be more likely to write “the man standing there” than “the man who is standing there”.)   But “whom” has declined relatively more than “whom”.

Now here’s the thing that is most bothersome to me. And here’s the question I posed to several Christian bloggers posting articles offering their interpretation of Biblical scriptures: “Are you English? The reason I ask is that you consistently place your commas and periods outside quotation marks.” Unfortunately for me, I tend to want to discount an American who so blatantly misuses American English.

In the article from the Economist are a number of examples of what I’m talking about. Here’s one:

It’s hard to say anything new about “whom”,

Notice the comma at the end of this clause? It is outside the ending quotation mark. This is correct if English. But it is incorrect usage in American English.

While I didn’t dig into the author specifically, I do know that The Economist is an English publication, and that it is edited in London. Voila. English. That explains it completely.

As for the two bloggers that are offering their opinion on Biblical scripture, neither answered my question. In taking a look at each of them, both are living in America, one in Florida and the other in Iowa.

I understand typographic errors occur, and occur here in even the best of publications, and certainly appear in JonahzSong from time to time. But consistent use of incorrect grammar makes me wonder about the validity of the author’s view on the Biblical matter being explained or preached or discussed. This isn’t a definitive measure of the worth of the article; it is, however, like a red flag that is raised. Then I must more carefully consider the content of the teaching, the view expressed, and so forth.

It is also easy for me to turn away from spoken teaching when the preacher is obviously using poor grammar.

However, by being so nit-picky, I could easily turn from one of the best modern-day preachers I’ve heard in a long while. He is Pastor Kenneth Harger. He uses colloquial American English in his sermons. He is a simple, down-to-earth preacher that takes a passage and discusses it in a no-nonsense way illuminating its great and almost hidden truth. In doing so, Pastor Harger displays his own tender heart that has obviously been tuned by Spirit. Check out one of his sermons at Shiloh Community Church Messages.  Scroll down to select the message entitled His Glory Our Reward delivered on March 10, 2019.

These are some of the things I’ve been thinking about lately. And as I’ve considered them, and began to write about them, the L-RD has opened my eyes my nit-picky, arrogant thinking. I was reminded that Yeshua called simple sinners:

1He entered Jericho and was passing through. 2And behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector and was rich. 3And he was seeking to see who Jesus was, but on account of the crowd he could not, because he was small in stature. 4So he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him, for he was about to pass that way. 5And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for I must stay at your house today.” 6So he hurried and came down and received him joyfully. 7And when they saw it, they all grumbled, “He has gone in to be the guest of a man who is a sinner.” 8And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I restore it fourfold.” 9And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, since he also is a son of Abraham. 10For the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.” (From Luke 19)

I was also reminded that he called the common, ordinary people of the world:

18While walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon (who is called Peter) and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. 19And he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.”b 20Immediately they left their nets and followed him. 21And going on from there he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them. 22Immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him. (From Matthew 4)

Yeshua called the simple sinner, the tradesman, those so often despised by the religious community. And Yeshua taught them by living with them, by His example, by granting them Spirit. Yeshua gave them wisdom to speak His truth, to teach others that all may follow Yeshua, and know the Father.

L-RD Bless, Keep, Shine. . .

Provoking Fear

As I’ve followed more closely current events and reporting over the last several months, I see three broad divisions in news reporting originating here in America. The first is what has become to be known as the mainstream media (MSM). These include corporately owned outlets such as CNN, Fox, ABC, CBS, NBC, and the major newspapers and magazines that publish online, such as the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and my favorite, the Christian Science Monitor. While there are hundreds of television networks and print media, I’ve read that all are owned by only six corporations. Interesting, if true.

Generally, all media in this division report the news in a journalistic fashion, using a variety of sources, are written in a news-reporting style, and, unless in an opinion column, leave out opinions except where quoted by a source. Can these news outlets slant the news? Of course. How a report is put together, the various sources and what they say, and IF an event is even reported, all work toward a particular self-interest.

The second group are not outwardly owned by corporate media, are relatively well written and well reported, yet occasionally contain some reporter opinion within the main articles. An example would be Breitbart. These sites offer their own take on the news that is reported in the mainstream, as well as adding news that isn’t generally covered, or is covered in a limited way.

Then there are the individuals and small teams that say they report the news that the mainstream media isn’t telling us. They know something that the mainstream either doesn’t know, isn’t paying attention to, or doesn’t want you to know. At least that’s what they’ll tell us. This group is collectively referred to as “conspiracy theorists.” Yet while they aren’t corporately owned, many are heavily sponsored by one company. My favorite in this category is Steve Quayle. Most of the articles are links to other, similar, news sources. Of those written by Mr. Quayle, I read that he’s a Christian, believes that satin with come to Earth through a stargate, and will do so very soon, perhaps in September during the final blood moon. Many in the category of news quote each other. Mr. Quayle becomes an expert that is quoted by the All News Pipeline, for instance.


These news outlets have in common a lack of journalistic style, poor grammar, dubious sources or un-named sources, and after an article or two, leave me wanting to run, not walk, for the hills in abject fear of any of a hundred very horrible things that are about to happen, and happen especially to me. Often, we are called “shepple,” and ridiculed for not believing in what they write, by believing the mainstream media, whom they say are liars. We all, we are told, are being lied to by government officials. One of these websites that foretells of the fall of money, that the banks will soon close their doors along with our access to what we though was our money, will sell us silver and gold. Mostly they give away fear.

The thing about these sites, another common bond, is that there is a thread of truth to their writing. Take the simple fact that our own government is spying on us, has set up fake cell phone towers to listen in on our phone conversations and read our texts, and does have a very large database that tracks us. This we know, if we are any bit an American citizen, is completely against our rights under the Constitution. From this simple fact of spying conducted against Americans by the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), these blogger newsies tell us our names are compiled into a “red list.” They say this list that will be used this summer to raid our homes and drag us all off to concentration camps. They say there are thousands of “disposable coffins” stashed for ready use. Wait, disposable coffins? Does that mean there are also reusable coffins?

But wait, there’s more. To continue the Orwellian nightmare, the military exercise this summer know as Jade Helm 15, has train cars with shackles in the floors traveling to the southern states, foreign troops being smuggled into America through our southern border, and lots of stuff is being stored in closed-down Walmarts in several states. There are even tunnels beneath most Walmarts we are told, that lead to airports and connect other Walmarts and military bases. All of this so troops can freely move about. (Back in the day I used to shop at the Post Exchange, but maybe Walmart is under contract.) And the reason for the military exercise coming up? Well, if we wouldn’t bury our heads in the sand, if we’d wake up, these newsies tell us, then we’d know that the military is practicing for martial law and confiscation of our guns. Well, confiscating guns somebody’s, that is. Can’t get guns from homes where there are none.

NOTE TO NSA, or to whomever: See, I’ve just been doing some research. Really. Please take my name of the Main Core watch list now. Thanks in advance. Yours Truly, Wil Robinson.

Seriously, though. There are things happening that aren’t explainable. There are wars and rumors of wars. There are earthquakes and Tsunamis. Fish are dying in the Pacific Ocean, chickens and turkeys in several northern states of America. There are riots and there is lawlessness in the land. And don’t forget the desertification of my home state of California, the once-great Republic of California that we so affectionally called the ROC. And what about the spiritual forces, dark forces, that are moving gullible men and women to commit acts, or support them, that are abominable in the eyes of our Lord Y’shuaJesus. Certainly we are on the eve of destruction, and the Second Coming is, well, coming.

Turning and turning in the widening gyre
The falcon cannot hear the falconer;
Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere
The ceremony of innocence is drowned;
The best lack all conviction, while the worst
Are full of passionate intensity.

Surely some revelation is at hand;
Surely the Second Coming is at hand.
The Second Coming! Hardly are those words out
When a vast image out of Spiritus Mundi
Troubles my sight: a waste of desert sand;
A shape with lion body and the head of a man,
A gaze blank and pitiless as the sun,
Is moving its slow thighs, while all about it
Wind shadows of the indignant desert birds.

The darkness drops again but now I know
That twenty centuries of stony sleep
Were vexed to nightmare by a rocking cradle,
And what rough beast, its hour come round at last,
Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born?

—Second Coming, by William Butler Yeats

For some interesting notes and links to “end time” fulfillment of Biblical prophesy see Running from Babylon.

Let us pray that we not fall prey to fear, that we look to the Lord and to His Word, which is a lamp for our feet and a light for our path. The lamp that shows us where we are, where we stand; the light thats illuminates the path upon which we are to journey.

Let us pray we look not to the hills to rescue us, but the Lord of Heaven, the Creator, the Father of our Lord Y’shuaJesus.

Let us pray we have the strength and wisdom to act in accordance with the will of our Lord Y’shuaJesus. We are not to simple stand by, watching and waiting, but we are called to some action, or will be soon.

Let us be prudent and store up that which is appropriate against the day in which there will be nothing left in stores, or that we are not allowed to buy (see Revelation 13.)

May G-d have mercy upon us in these troubled times.

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